Istanbul earthquake – risk and early warning | DW Documentary
Turkey began seismic studies in the disputed area of Mediterranean Sea Boot Survey “At the moment most of our fleet is ready to go there, where it will take. Our ships that go in critically important areas are already in their places within a few days. If required, there will be further deployment of the fleet. We do not strive for any tension in the region, but, on the other hand, our determination is obvious. “So commented on the actions of Turkey State Minister of Greece Yorgos Gerapetritis. His words did not become news.
The fact that Greek ships are presented in a state of combat readiness, local media reported on Sunday. And on Monday, the National Security Council of the country officially discussed the possible answers to “Turkish provocations” during the emergency meeting.
At the same time, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Greece called Turkey’s decision to send a research ship to the disputed area illegal. “In combination with the above-mentioned activity of the units of the Turkish Navy, this is a new serious escalation and demonstrates the most obviously destabilizing role of Turkey’s destabilizing and threatening world,” the department announced. There also added that “Greece does not accept blackmail and will defend its sovereign rights”. At the same time, both Greek and Turkish politicians never cease to declare readiness for dialogue.
The first oil and gas fields were discovered in the Eastern Mediterranean in 2009. Some perspective sections of the shelf are the subject of territorial disputes between Turkey and Cyprus, Turkey and Greece, Israel and Lebanon. In January 2019, representatives of Egypt, Cyprus, Greece, Israel, Italy, Jordan and Palestine announced the formation of the Gas Forum of the Eastern Mediterranean with Headquarters in Cairo. Turkey and Libya, who remained beyond the Forum, signed a memorandum of understanding in November of the same year on the delimitation of marine areas. As a result of this agreement, the Greek Islands lost their rights to the continental shelf and an exceptional economic zone (IEZ).
Russia found a place in Turkish Greek disagreements
The situation in the Mediterranean again aggravated several weeks ago, when Turkey announced its intention to spend from July 21 to August 2, seismic surveys from the Greek Island of Castelorizo, located just 2 km from the Turkish coast. However, almost immediately Ankara made it clear that it was ready to suspend work for discussing arising intensity with Greece. But the dialogue never started – on August 6, it became known about signing an agreement on the demarcation of marine borders between Athens and Cairir. Judging by the cards published in the Greek media, the zones that are identified by Greece and Egypt as their EEZ, intersect with zones marked in the Turkish-Libyan Memorandum. According to the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Greece Nicos Dandias, the place of this Memorandum in the “trash can.
In July, Greece also signed an agreement on the demarcation of marine borders with Italy, but the agreement with Cairo caused a special ankara’s ankara ankara, as they were perceived as a challenge of Turkish politics in Libya. Recall that, together with the memorandum on the sea zones, Tripoli and Ankara signed an agreement on military cooperation. Thanks to the Turkish assistance of the Government of the National Accord (PNS) of Libya, Libya was able to put an end to the 14-month siege of Tripoli from the Libyan National Army (LNA) headed by Field Marshal Khalifa Hattar. Further promotion of PNS east prevented Cairo, who promised to introduce the Egyptian troops to Libya, if LNA lost the city of Sirtry and the El Giufra district. In fact, the potential threat of a collision between Egypt and Turkish military arose.
Immediately after signing the Greek-Egyptian Agreement, Ankara decided to resume research in the Mediterranean Sea, as well as on the conduct of marine exercises there.
“Drilling was suspended, but we will resume it,” President of Turkey Recep Tayip Erdogan promised last week. And on Sunday, his official representative of Ibrahim Kalyn told in an interview with CNN-TURK TV channel that Ankara and Athens, the last 2.5 months led in Berlin about the settlement of controversial issues, and the joint statement was almost ready, but an agreement between Athens and Cairir appeared here. Negotiations were immediately stopped.
How Turkey and Libya caused anger of the international community
“The current course of events will not be in the interests of either the European Union, nor Turkey. We must work together in the name of security in the Mediterranean, “the head of the diplomacy of the EU Jozep Borrel said on Sunday. According to him, Brussels is ready to help in resolving disputes by both parties. Before this EU has repeatedly criticized Ankara’s intentions to conduct research in the disputed areas of the Mediterranean Sea. At the same time, NATO has underlined neutrality, taking into account the fact that Ankara and Athens are included in the Alliance. Greek Prime Minister Kiriakos Mitsotakis considers such a position inadmissible. “This is deeply unfair to Greece,” he stressed last week. On Monday, he had a chance to personally announce his opinion in conversation with the NATO Gensen Jens Stoltenberg. Earlier on this day, he discussed “alarming events in the Eastern Mediterranean” with the President of the European Council by Charl Mishel.
“NATO membership is a long time ago not the factor that will save the part of the conflict. Alliance is experiencing the deepest crisis. Therefore, the parties are likely to be forced to deal with each other on their own or with the support of individual external players. In any case, without the support of third countries, for example, France, the chances of Cairo and Athens to confront the plans of Turkey seek to zero, “said Yuri Mavashev, director of the Center for Studying New Turkey,” Kommersant. He also noted that Ankara will not retreat from his interests. “Turkey will not allow a single energy project that can potentially question its role as an energy hub. They will be bored with the Greeks right up to the hot conflict, if necessary, “he stressed.
“Geological exploration work in the disputed area is unlikely to lead to significant discoveries. In any case, the escalation and documentary design by the parties to mutual claims will block the possibility of investment solutions in this area both in production and gas transportation, “said” Kommersant “a member of the editorial board of the analytical report Russia Africa Shared Vision Andrei Maslov.
According to the expert, it is not worth exaggerating the economic and especially hydrocarbon measurement of the conflict. “The economic feasibility of transporting gas from the east to the West for the bottom of the Mediterranean Sea is obviously eldex in today’s technology development phase. Turkey, first of all, need Libya herself with its $ 77 billion gold and foreign exchange reserves and the ability to buy and extract oil there. And already taking on the role of the patron of Libya, Ankara will continue to contain its opponents, “Mr. Maslov emphasized.