Non-working days in Russia have ended, workers have not yet become hatred
All-Russian regime of "non-working days" from May 12 will not be extended. Of the unconditional return of everyone to work this does not mean: the new decree of President Vladimir Putin prescribes the heads of regions to suspend or limit the work of enterprises of all types of property, as well as traffic flows, to combat the spread of the coronavirus epidemic. 11 regions of the Russian Federation, according to the government, can afford the actual weakening of the sanitary regime, 22 more, apparently close to this. Moscow and the Moscow region in these lists are clearly no: in Moscow, the nature of the restrictions until May 31 is defined by Decree of the mayor of Sergey Sobyanin from May 7 – he maintains April-May regime. The president also announced new measures to support citizens – the doubling of children's benefits, a one-time payment for children in 10 thousand. rub. In June – and the most affected business: the write-off of taxes for the second quarter and relatively returnable preferential loans for saving jobs.
The main intrigue of yesterday's meeting Vladimir Putin with the government and the regions was the decision to entered by him from April 30 the regime "non-working days". The regime that ends on May 11, installed for the whole country with respect to the uniform order of economic activity restrictions – in addition to purely sanitary stops (which touched a catering, leisure sphere, service), he made it possible without special instructions to stop the work of all enterprises except the list of exceptions. Only the latter were installed in each region independently. Taking into account the lack of a decrease in the number of infection of coronavirus per day, expected to extend the regime until May 16 or 31. But this did not happen – on May 12, it becomes the first working day after almost one and a half months of nationwide "weekends".
The new decree of Vladimir Putin turns the mechanism of restrictions: From today, all enterprises work, except those whose work is limited or prohibited by the heads of the regions. They, in turn, should be guided by a sanitary and epidemic environment in place – and not even in the whole area, the region and the Republic, and at specific territories: the regime of restrictions in a particular city, village, village or district can be tougher or softer. By presidential decree, regions can also limit the work of public transport and road movements. Vice Prime Minister Tatyana Golikova at the meeting at the President for the first time revealed government assessments and criteria for the possibility of regional weakening of quarantine.
The criteria are three (they fully comply with the recommendations of the World Health Organization): "The transmission coefficient" in the region of infection detected infected (less than 1 – possibly weakening), the presence of empty "coronavirus" places in health care (more than 50%) and the number of tests for COVID-19 – more than 70 per 100 thousand. Population. Now the criteria could correspond to 11 regions of the Russian Federation, chances to quickly enter the regime weakening regime – while 22. The remaining 52 regions of the Russian Federation must still hold "full readiness mode" in the most severe form.
As Vladimir Putin announced the end of the non-worker and told that it would be
We will note, from the speeches at the meeting, it was finally obvious that the last six weeks that took place from the point of view of the Kremlin and the White House – not so much the fight against the epidemic in its current scale, how much preparation for the epidemic is much wider and long, rather expected by society. According to the Ministry of Health, it is now free 41.3% of "coronavirus" hospital beds. Vladimir Putin reported the abnormality of mostly produced in the Russian Federation and imported IVL. He also made it clear that six weeks of restrictions of economic activity is essentially brought by the entire economy (forced) victim for the sake of higher quality mobilization of the Russian Federation to combat a possible very large epidemic, which, however, was not hiding in March meetings in white House. The termination of the "non-working days" regime to the explicit decline in the number of infected in the Russian Federation is explained by this – the preparation is completed.
Moscow and the Moscow region, Macroregion, the most affected by the coronavirus epidemic, in the "11 + 22" lists (their composition is not disclosed), obviously do not enter.
It does not change for Moscow, in essence, nothing: Sergey Sobyanin on May 7 signed his decree, which extends the Moscow regime until May 31. Application with a similar meaning yesterday made the authorities of the Krasnodar Territory. A number of regions, for example, the Oryol region, have already managed to mitigate the hard mode, retaining it in cities and areas – epidemic distribution centers.
As Moscow City Hall extended restrictions and ordered additional protection measures to citizens
A new nature of restrictions, apparently, a little worsen economic forecasts, focused mainly by 1.5-2 months of nationwide quarantine holidays. Vladimir Putin yesterday demanded from the government to develop a nationwide output plan of the economy from quarantine (obviously, he was developed before) and demonstrated that measures for partial compensation of business and households from forced restriction of economic activity, adopted in March-April 2020, not the last. President presented in the speech Household support package with children: one-time payment for a child 3-16 years old (from June 1) 10 thousand. rub., Doubling, up to 6731 rubles./ ME., "Children's" benefits, expanding part of other payments – in the amount of this package touches families with 27 million children and will cost about 250 billion rubles.
In a relationship Business The next support package is as follows.
- In the most affected industries on the list of government (7 million busy), the cancellation of taxes (except VAT) for the second quarter of 2020.
- Self-employed in the regions where this status was available in 2019 (340 thousand. Man, including Moscow and the area), return taxes over the past year, in the rest of the regions (650 thousand.) and IP is provided with a tax loan in 1 minimum.
- A preferential program of conditionally returned lending to the affected sectors to pay salaries (at the rate of 1 minimum wage to an employee for six months under 2% per annum): when saving employment at the level of more than 90%, the loan will be written off, 80% – is written off by half.
Note, the authorities are still not close to the idea of "maintaining domestic demand" distribution of money, no compensation for the economy of losses from exogenous shock from the FNB and budget loans. The direct goal of these programs and new expenses while maintaining employment and preventing the oblivion of the relevant revenue. The scale of the surge of unemployment, including in Moscow, in the government and the Kremlin have not yet known, doubling for April official unemployment, up to 1.4 million people, is the result of emergency liquidation of jobs due to sanitary locauts, and simplifying the methods of official registration of unemployed , and temporary growth of unemployment benefits.