Negotiating New START
Negotiations in Geneva under the RSDA Agreement under the threat of a breakdown aimed on the Russian Rocket Company, this agreement was for the first time in history allowed to eliminate the whole class of weapons: the parties have pledged to destroy all complexes of ballistic and wing missiles of ground-based alternate (1-5.5 thousand. km) and smaller (from 500 to 1 thousand. km of range, as well as not to have such missiles in the future. However, the future of the contract that became one of the pillar of arms control regime was questioned because Russia and the United States accuse each other in his violation
History of the Treaty on the Elimination of Rockets of Middle and Less Rate
The fact that Moscow and Washington are negotiating the convening of the Control Commission, the Deputy Head of the Russian Federation Sergey Ryabkov and the US Department of Foreign Ministry Tomas Shannon (see. “alongthecoastcottage” of December 8).
According to “Kommersant,” representatives of Kazakhstan, Belarus and Ukraine will take part in the meeting in Geneva, formally also parties to the contract. In the negotiations in this format insisted the American side, while Russian believes that it would be more efficient to solve issues in bilateral consultations with the United States, because Moscow and Washington are presented to each other.
The United States since 2014 argue that in 2008-2011, the Russian military in violation of the contract was tested at the Kapustin Capustin Polygon. Ground-based land basing missile for a range of more than 500 km. This year, American media with reference to sources in US state structures reported: in Washington, they are convinced that the prohibited rocket is already deployed. At the same time, until recently, the official representatives of the United States categorically refused to name the type of Russian “non-violator missile”, however, on November 29, the semi-member of the US President Christopher Ford clarified that it is about 9m729.
Why Russia and the United States convene a commission under an agreement on the liquidation of medium and less rockets
From the point of view of Russia, the United States violates the treaty on PCMD at once in three ways: posted in Europe launching installations of anti-missiles (MK 41), which hypothetically be used to accommodate the winged missiles; Using target missiles, similar to characteristics with medium and less land-based missiles; and increasing the production and application of drum drifts.
Interlocutors “alongthecoastcottage” call the upcoming meeting in Switzerland one of the last chances to save the contract. Meanwhile, the Russian delegation (according to “Kommers”, the deputy director of the North America Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Vasily Break) may not appear at the appointed time at the appointed place: on Saturday, Sergey Ryabkov warned that the meeting of the Commission would break if Washington would not give up the idea to introduce relations of Moscow Additional sanctions.
On the eve of the US edition of Politico with reference to a high-ranking representative of the White House reported that the US authorities intend to impose sanctions against Russian companies involved in the creation of 9M729. From the publication it follows that this way Washington expects to force Moscow to comply with the treaty on the RSMD.
Rocket 9M729 developed the Ekaterinburg Executive Design Bureau “Novator” named after Lullev L. IN. (enters the concern of aerospace defense “Almaz-Antey”). As clarified the source “alongthecoastcottage”, close to the State Department, under sanctions, not only the “innovator” can be hit, but also several other companies related to the creation of 9M729, including contractors. A number of Diammaz-Antea subsidiaries are already under American restrictions.
Why the head of the US Staff accused Moscow in violation of the RSDD liquidation agreement
“The next attempts to scare us with sanctions are simply ridiculous,” Sergey Ryabkov said on Saturday.- American politicians and diplomats it is time to understand that the economic and military pressure on Russia will not work “. At the same time, he stressed that the United States did not provide Russia with any evidence that the new Russian winged rocket violates the contract. According to him, its “range is obviously less than specified (by Americans.- “Kommersant) Range (i.e. less than 500 km.- “alongthecoastcottage”) that in the United States could be perfectly seeing from their satellites with its polygon test “.
In turn, American diplomats have previously said that they cannot provide Moscow to the evidence that the rocket violates the contract, since the disclosure of this information will threaten their sources and methods of work of the US Special Services.
In the current situation, the interlocutors “alongthecoastcottage” in Moscow and Washington do not exclude that the Treaty on RSMD will be another victim of confrontation between the two countries. At the same time, it is critically important for arms control mode. In particular, the future of the Russian-American Treaty on measures to further reduce and restrict strategic offensive armaments depends on its fate (START-Z). This agreement, signed in 2010 by the then Presidents of the Russian Federation and the United States, Dmitry Medvedev and Barack Obama, became one of the symbols of rebooting relations between Moscow and Washington. It is designed until 2021, and now there is a question about its extension or even about the conclusion of a new treaty. However, the US Congress banned to allocate the Pentagon and the State Department for the implementation of START-3, unless the agreement on the RSDD.
At the same time, the fate of START-3 can negatively influence not only the collapse of the RSD Treaty. Russia and the United States should enter the control records on media and secrets, and, as already wrote “alongthecoastcottage” (see. “alongthecoastcottage” of October 2), the process goes well: Washington has already fulfilled its obligations, and Moscow as of the beginning of September remained to cut 11 warheads.
However, the joint celebration may not be. Just by February, the US Presidential Administration must submit the so-called Kremlin report, on the basis of which sanctions may be imposed against a large number of representatives of the Russian elite.